About Veins

About Veins

About Varicose Vein Procedures
in Saginaw, MI

Common Vein Problems

More than 80 million people in the United States have problems with their veins, the vessels that return blood to the heart once it has circulated through the body (as opposed to arteries, which carry oxygen-rich blood from the heart to the periphery of rest of body).

The most common manifestations of venous disease include venous chronic venous insufficiency (CVI) and thromboembolism (VTE). Considering the range of venous disease, public awareness remains vital to the possibility of improving outcomes of prevention, identification, and treatment.
Varicose Veins Saginaw, MI
Normal Veins

There are two sets of veins in our legs: deep veins and superficial veins. The deep veins are large, located deep between the muscles, and carry most of the venous blood up towards the heart. The superficial veins are located close to the skin and are connected to the deep veins through a number of communicating channels called perforators. There are two main trunks of superficial veins called saphenous veins. The great saphenous vein is on the inner side of the thigh and joins the deep veins in the groin. The small saphenous vein is located on the back of the leg and joins the deep veins behind the knee.

Our heart is a mechanical pump that forces the blood to flow through the arteries into the rest of the body, but we do not have a pump in our feet to return the blood to the heart, instead, when we walk or run, our calf muscles contract and squeeze the deep veins, pushing blood to flow upwards. This is known as the calf muscle pump.

Veins have one-way valves that help keep blood flowing in the proper direction: towards the heart and not away from the heart. If these valves stop functioning the way they are supposed to, blood can flow backwards (reflux) and pool in the vein, causing it to stretch.
Spider Veins Saginaw, MI
Varicose Veins

Varicose veins are swollen, dark blue or purple blood vessels that are visible and palpable beneath the skin. They often look like twisted cords, and usually appear on the calves and thighs. 

Although people with varicose veins seek cosmetic treatment to conceal their appearance on the legs, treatment often also takes care of the discomfort associated with the condition such as swelling, fatigue, itching and cramps. 

Sometimes, however, more significant problems can develop if veins are left untreated. Venous insufficiency occurs when blood cannot be efficiently returned to the heart. This, in turn, can lead to pigmentation, swelling, inflammation, bleeding and skin ulcers

For this reason, patients with varicose veins should be examined by a medical professional familiar with the full spectrum of signs and symptoms caused by chronic venous disease. 

Spider Veins

Spider veins are caused by a variety of factors, including heredity, pregnancy (and other conditions that involve changes in hormone levels), weight gain, long periods of standing, and certain medications. Spider veins appear as small red, blue, or purple threads easily visible on the surface of the skin, often creating unsightly or unpleasant appearances. Occasionally they cause symptoms such as pain, burning and itching. Spider veins are often considered a cosmetic problem and not a real disease, although in reality they are tied to the same mechanisms involved in varicose veins disease. Spider veins cannot be treated effectively unless problems with high venous pressure is first addressed. 
More About Veins


When varicose or spider veins are not treated properly, they may stick to the undersurface of the skin and eventually break through the skin and bleed. The skin covering a tense, bulging vessels are usually thinned and have a bluish color. Bleeding can happen spontaneously or as the result of a minor trauma, often creating panic for patients and family, and frequently resulting in a trip to the Emergency Room.

Stasis Dermatitis and Ulceration

When venous valves are not working properly or are destroyed, the pressure in the veins of the lower legs is higher than normal. High venous pressure will cause fluid and certain blood components to seep through the wall of the capillaries and accumulate under the skin, causing swollen legs (edema). The skin is badly damaged because oxygen and nutrient materials cannot reach it easily. This will result in the thickening and pigmentation of the skin which is known as stasis dermatitis. Finally a segment of the skin dies and ulceration develops. Once established, ulcers are very difficult to treat.
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